There is a whole range of ways to value a company, from its price-to-earnings (Return on Equity (ROE). Yet investors should really be focused on free cash flow (FCF) yields. This is the true honest-to-goodness measure of how just how much money a company can earn --and keep -- when compared to its enterprise value. I was surprised to find at least nine stocks (excluding those that operate in the financial services industry) with a FCF of at least 20%. With powerful levels of FCF, these companies have all kinds of financial flexibility, from paying off debt to buying back stock, boosting dividends or making growth-inducing acquisitions.) ratio to its
Unloved and misunderstood.
I was thinking about FCF this week when reviewing the quarterly results at Martek Biosciences (Nasdaq: MATK). This maker of nutritional supplements is highly profitable on a GAAP basis. But thanks to large levels of associated with new factories, reported profits are muted. That may explain why took a pretty sharp hit this week.
If you move past thatissue, though, you'll discover that Martek's FCF is much more impressive than its profits. The stock may seem attractive at 13 times projected profits on a market cap basis, but are really stunning at just five times FCF on an enterprise value basis (which, when inverted, implies a 20% FCF ). That means if the company can maintain this robust level of FCF, it will have more cash in five years than its entire enterprise value.
And Martek's not alone. The companies on this list also sport FCF yields of 20% or higher. The key question is whether that FCF can be maintained or even boosted. In some cases, such as AOL (NYSE: AOL), that may be hard to pull off, as key streams are starting to shrink.
In a similar vein, falling demand for newsprint could impact the FCF picture for International Paper (NYSE: IP).
In addition to Martek, which I talked about above, here are two FCF plays that look quite appealing…
Smurfit-Stone Container (Nasdaq: SSCC)
Thanks to a robust amount of cost-cutting, this maker of paper-based packaging has suddenly become a free cash flow machine. Smurfit Stone had been generating negative free cash flow for a number of years but managed to post a whopping $922 million in free cash flow last year. Although 2010 will represent a pullback in FCF, thanks to heavy capital spending, FCF could top $1 billion in 2011, thanks to modest price increases for the company's products.
Goldman Sachs estimates that every $10 per ton increase in paperboard products boosts the company's annual long-term debt .
So what is an appropriate price for a stock with such a high FCF ? Well, few analysts think of price targets in these terms, although you could argue that should see buying interest that pushes the stock higher until the FCF drops to 15%. That implies +30% to +40% upside from current levels.
Micron Technology (NYSE: MU)
This memory chips maker has seen its drift slightly lower during the past 12 months thanks to never-ending concerns that memory chip prices will slump and kill profits. Indeed, you could argue that analysts are now well prepared for a pricing pullback, expecting to fall -40% in the current to around $1.10. Much more relevant to our analysis today is Micron's FCF, which surged to $2.4 billion in fiscal (August) 2010 and could still exceed $1 billion in both fiscal 2011 and 2012 -- even as industry pricing is pretty weak. Analysts at Auriga, which believe that consensus and pricing forecasts for Micron are too high, still think the company will generate $2.5 billion in FCF in the next 24 months.
And all of thatties into the . Both Micron and memory chip rival Samsung have ample net cash balances (slightly north of $2 billion for Micron). Yet rivals such as Hynix, Elpida, Promos and Powerchip are choking under massive debt loads. So if this industry does see any deep price weakness, some of those players might be forced to exit the business, according to analysts. And that would be a strong long-term positive for Micron.
All that FCF is helping to boost, which now stands at about $7 a share and could approach $9 a share by the end of calendar 2012. trade for around $8. As Micron has become such a strong FCF generator, management may start to look to buy back stock if they are comfortable with expectations of at least $1 billion in FCF per annum. Micron could extinguish -10% to -15% of its share count every year, if it chose to do so.
Assuming FCF falls to $1 billion in the current
Action to Take --> FCF is surging at many companies, thanks to recent massive cost cuts. The companies in the list above sport notably high FCF yields, but many other firms still have FCF yields in excess of 10%. You can calculate these yields by dividing annual FCF (operating minus capital expenditures) by the company's enterprise value ( plus debt minus cash).
Micron, Martek Biosciences, and Smurfit-Stone should stand out as especially appealing names to investors on a FCF basis.